Yangshuo, China

Christianity in China

(123 entries)

The Rushing on of the Purposes of God: Christian Missions in Shanxi Province Since 1876

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 6, 2017
The history of Christianity in Shanxi deserves more recognition, says the author, as the setting of a number of notable incidents: the first Christian multi-agency international relief effort; the deaths of more expatriate and Chinese Christians during the Boxer turmoil; and especially fierce resistance to Japanese aggression, in which Chinese and foreign Christians were caught up.

The Church in China, Part II

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 23, 2017
These trends, though they may slow in pace and decrease in intensity, do not seem to be in danger of stopping; if anything, they will continue to grow and to permeate more and more corners of Chinese culture and society.

The Church in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 11, 2017
[These] articles and reviews span both Roman Catholicism and Protestantism from the sixteenth century to the present, and they touch upon history, theology, evangelism and social action, the impact of Christianity upon Chinese society, and challenges facing the Chinese church today. . . . The result is a rich sampling of voices on a wide variety of issues concerning Christianity in China, and it will be of interest to an equally broad range of readers.

Training Laborers for His Harvest: A Historical Study of William Milne’s Mentorship of Liang Fa

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle December 14, 2016
Andrew Song, himself from China, provides us with a careful description of the origins of Chinese Protestant Christianity, a powerful case study of how to mentor the next generation of Christian workers, and a model for effective cross-cultural missionary work.

Voices from the Past: Historical Reflections on Christian Missions in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 23, 2016
This selection of thirty short excerpts from the letters, diaries, and writings of outstanding missionaries and leaders is meant to be read one at a time. “Readers are expected to linger over each quotation, perhaps reading only one quotation a day, and to spend time afterward in prayer, reflecting on them in light of their own experiences,” explains the author, a veteran Christian worker in China.

A Living Sacrifice: The Life Story of Allen Yuan

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 3, 2016
In her epilogue, the author writes, “The main purpose for writing this book was to get to know a man—an ordinary man who nevertheless magnified the grace of God…. Another purpose … was to record the history of a crucial period in the development of the history of the Church in China.” In my opinion, she succeeded in both purposes.

Christian Students Grow the Kingdom of God in China

By Stacey Bieler September 8, 2016
One hundred years ago Chinese students were returning from America to China after getting professional degrees abroad. Their experiences overseas helped them to grow in their own faith and to desire that their countrymen become Christians.

Mobilized Merchants-Patriotic Martyrs: China’s House-Church Protestants and the Politics of Cooperative Resistance

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 9, 2016
, Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 9, 2016
Timothy Conkling has written an extremely important book. Based on exhaustive research over many years and drawing upon a wide variety of unimpeachable sources, he has given us a definitive analysis of both house-church Protestants and government religious policy and practice as they were at the time of writing.

The Visitor: André Palmeiro and the Jesuits in Asia

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 30, 2016
Palmeiro’s visit to China at the end of the Ming dynasty came at a critical juncture in the Jesuit mission there. His personal career, the decisions he made about mission strategy, and the story of the first two centuries of Jesuit missions worldwide carry potent lessons for us now.

Problems in Translating the Bible into Chinese: The name(s) for God

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 28, 2016
The question of which name to use to translate biblical words for “God” has vexed both Roman Catholics and Protestants for a long time. In Protestant Bibles, Shen and Shang Di have been used. This paper reviews the case for each of these terms.

China's Millions: The China Inland Mission and Late Qing Society, 1832-1905

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 15, 2016
Although containing much useful information, some illuminating insights, and a fresh perspective on the early years of the China Inland Mission, this revisionist history is almost fatally flawed by a profound prejudice that prevents objectivity in dealing with the sources and leads to misinterpretation and at times even misrepresentation.

On the Road to Siangyang: Covenant Mission in Mainland China 1890–1949

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle May 9, 2016
On the Road to Siangyang is a labor of love and comes out of [Jack Lundbom's] own affiliation with the Evangelical Covenant Church, formerly known as the American Mission Covenant. Drawing upon an unusually rich store of personal conversations with former missionaries and their family members, as well as Chinese Christians, and supported by extensive documentation, this book will prove to be a gold mine for historians of missionary work in China.

The Coming Chinese Church: How Rising Faith In China Is Spilling Over Its Boundaries

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 8, 2016
Paul Golf's book is thoroughly researched, well written, well organized, and marked with energy, passion, remarkable balance, and extremely valuable as an expression of what many Chinese Christians believe about themselves – their history, their present condition, and the mandate God has passed on to them.

A Star in the East: The Rise of Christianity in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 24, 2016
This book explores how and why this religion is growing at such a rapid rate and also speculates on its future growth. By and large, the authors do a very good job telling the story of Christianity in China since 1900 within the context of Chinese history.

China’s Urban Christians: A Light That Cannot Be Hidden

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 29, 2016
With decades of experience living in Asia, traveling within China, and meeting with both Chinese Christians and Christian leaders working within China, Brent Fulton has written the most authoritative and accurate book yet to appear on the urban Chinese church.

Christianity and China's Moral Crisis

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 7, 2016
About forty scholars gathered from all over China to attend an important Conference on “Christianity and Moral Construction in Modern China,” November 7-9 at Renmin (People’s) University in Beijing.

Sorrow and Blood: Christian Mission in Contexts of Suffering, Persecution, and Martyrdom: Part II

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 9, 2015
I cannot recommend Sorrow and Blood highly enough. It came to me as a reminder of what my wife and I were told before we left home for Asia with OMF in 1975. Mission leaders said, “a missionary must be prepared to preach, pray, or die at a moment’s notice.” It seems that very little has changed since then.

Sorrow and Blood: Christian Mission in Contexts of Suffering, Persecution, and Martyrdom: Part I

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 10, 2015
Every once in a while, you come across a book that you think every thoughtful Christian, and all Christian leaders, should read. Sorrow and Blood may be one of those books.

Theosis, Sino-Christian Theology and the Second Chinese Enlightenment, Part II

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 28, 2015
Though Alexander Chow’s book possesses a number of extremely helpful features, it also suffers from several significant weaknesses. These include internal problems, omissions, and questions of fact. The second part of this review will discuss these and conclude with a theological critique.

Theosis, Sino-Christian Theology and the Second Chinese Enlightenment: Heaven and Humanity in Unity

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 21, 2015
Alexander Chow has given us a treatise of significant worth. This book is a vigorous, even brilliant, attempt to construct a Sino-theology within the context of conversations with Christians and others from the Second Chinese Enlightenment, major Chinese Christian theologians, and Eastern Orthodoxy theology.

Christian China and the Light of the World: Miraculous Stories from China’s Great Awakening

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 12, 2015
David Wang has given us an extremely important look at the new urban “house” (that is, non-TSPM) churches in China. Though published before the recent increase of pressure upon Christians, the book reflects fundamental realities that remain true.

Timothy Richard’s Vision: Education and Reform in China, 1880-1910

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 9, 2015
Eunice Johnson has given us an excellent account of Timothy Richard’s overall “vision” for the general improvement of the lot of the Chinese people, and of his central part in the establishment of an Imperial university in Shanxi.

Saving God's Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame, Part II

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 15, 2015
Despite all the strengths of Jackson Wu's book, discussed in Part I of this book review, I believe that Wu’s book also possesses significant weaknesses. Nevertheless, Saving God’s Face deserves careful attention by anyone wanting to think more clearly about how to express the biblical gospel effectively among Chinese.

Saving God's Face: A Chinese Contextualization of Salvation through Honor and Shame

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 9, 2015
Jackson Wu, who teaches theology to Chinese pastors, has written an important book that deserves careful consideration by missiologists, those engaged in ministry among Chinese, interpreters of the New Testament, and systematic theologians.

Liang A-Fa: China's First Preacher

Review by Martha Stockment December 3, 2014
In this reprint of George Hunter McNeur’s biography of Liang A-Fa from the 1930s, Jonathan Seitz adds a critical introduction as well as notes and a glossary. As Liang A-Fa was the second known Chinese Protestant convert and the first ordained Chinese Protestant preacher, he is an important figure in the history of Christianity in China and deserves to have his story told.

The Victorian Translation of China: James Legge’s Oriental Pilgrimage

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle November 18, 2014
James Legge (1815-1897) is a major figure in Protestant missionary history, both in light of his long service in Hong Kong and because of his monumental achievement as a translator. This massive intellectual biography focuses on the last twenty-two years of his life, when Legge was Professor of Chinese at Oxford University.

Revival Preaching and the Indigenization of Christianity in Republican China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 13, 2014
This important article highlights significant issues in the study of the indigenization of Christianity in China.

Understanding Christian Mission: Participation in Suffering and Glory

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 19, 2014
Scott Sunquist has given the whole church a beautiful book. Writing out of his own experience as a missionary in Asia and American-based theological educator, decades of careful study, and wide exposure to mission in the name of Christ, the Dean of the School of Intercultural Studies at Fuller Theological Seminary has forged a synthesis of history, theology, and applied missiology that will benefit all sorts of readers, including both beginners and veterans.

China’s Reforming Churches: Mission, Polity, and Ministry in the Next Christendom

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 6, 2014
This solid volume grew out of a conference held in January 2013, but includes both new material and revised papers from that meeting. Its central thesis is that the large and growing church in China today urgently needs both internal church organizational development and a more adequate grounding in theology, and that both presbyterian polity and Reformed theology can meet these needs.

Chinese Christianity: An Interplay between Global and Local Perspectives

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 15, 2014
This volume contains papers written by Peter Ng over a period of fifteen years, presented in chronological order of publication with the purpose of illustrating his own intellectual journey, especially regarding the concept of Chinese indigenous Christianity, and the re-discovery of local Christianities and the Chinese side of the story. His goal is to elaborate on the theme of a new understanding of Chinese Christianity from a global-local perspective.

The Chinese Church: The Next Superpower in World Mission

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 23, 2014
In this important article, Kevin Xiyi Yao, Associate Professor of Global Christianity and Asian Study at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, addresses both the prospects for Chinese cross-cultural missions and the challenges facing this nascent movement.

Confucius and Christ: Conflict, Compromise, or Communication?

Review by Martha Stockment May 5, 2014
The spring issue of ChinaSource Quarterly focuses on the role of Confucianism among Chinese today. Recognizing that as the influence of Confucianism in China continually grows, conflict could arise between Christianity and Confucianism, the authors in this issue give background information about Confucianism and provide a Christian understanding of its teachings.

China’s Next Generation: New China, New Church, New World

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 21, 2014
Since the opening and reform initiated by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China has been transformed into a major economic power. Urbanization and a rising living standard have combined to create a new middle class. Likewise, the Chinese church has exploded with unprecedented numerical increase. Recently, the center of gravity and growth of the church has moved from countryside to the cities, and its leaders face the challenge of seeking to be “salt and light” in every sector of society and joining the worldwide Christian community in fulfilling the Great Commission.

The Bible in Hudson Taylor's Life and Mission, Part II

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 28, 2014
This excellent study by Christopher Wigram examines Hudson Taylor’s biblical interpretation and application to personal life and cross-cultural missions, especially in the light of wider currents of teaching on Christian discipleship and effective missionary work. Drawing upon a broad array of primary sources, supplemented by more recent publications about the nineteenth century missionary movement, the author paints a detailed picture of Taylor’s Bible-based spirituality and its impact upon his life as a bearer of the gospel to the Chinese.

The Bible in Hudson Taylor’s Life and Mission, Part I

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 21, 2014
Hudson Taylor is widely recognized as one of the most influential Western missionaries to China in the nineteenth century. The founder of the China Inland Mission (CIM), which became the largest missionary agency in China, Taylor also helped spark a movement, generally called “faith missions,” within the larger Western missionary enterprise. His position as a major figure in the immensely popular foreign missions endeavor gave him a position from which to speak, not only about overseas missions, but also about the Christian life in general.

Names for “God”: Shen

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 5, 2014
We have seen that the name Shang Di has grave limitations as a direct translation of either Hebrew Elohim or Greek Theos. Is there any other Chinese word which could better convey the meaning of the Biblical words for God?

Names for "God": Shang Di

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 4, 2014
There exist in Chinese several names used to refer to “supernatural” beings whom they have worshiped. For Protestants especially, two of these are Shang Di and Shen.

Robert Morrison and the Protestant Plan for China

Review by Martha Stockment February 10, 2014
Christopher Daily’s book on Robert Morrison is anything but a typical biography. In his work, Daily explores the ways in which Morrison was influenced by his missionary training and to what extent he carried out the plan handed to him by his instructor, Dr. David Bogue.

The New Contexts and Challenges in China Today

By Kevin Xiyi Yao January 7, 2014
The context in which the Chinese Church lives is a fast-changing one. As China undergoes drastic social and cultural changes, the Church there is facing new realities and challenges. If the overseas churches continue to walk along with the Chinese Christians in a constructive way, it is absolutely necessary to understand the Chinese Church’s current dynamics in Chinese society and culture, and to adjust their approaches and strategies accordingly.

Christianity in Taiwan

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle December 11, 2013
For more than three weeks in September, I lived and traveled in Taiwan, where I spoke with more than three dozen taxi drivers and an equal number of Protestant Christians, including both missionaries and Taiwanese. The following report summarizes what I saw and heard.

Not Less Than Everything

Review by Martha Stockment October 22, 2013
This well-researched book records the lives and work of some of the early women missionaries in China. Valerie Griffiths traces the lives of several notable female missionaries, from the 1820s through the 1990s, who traveled to remote villages in the interior of China to reach out to women who had never been exposed to God’s message of love.

Critique of Indigenous Chinese Theology

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 4, 2013
Wise Man from the East: Lit-sen Chang (Zhang Lisheng) contains translations of two shorter works by this once-influential but now largely forgotten theologian: Critique of Indigenous Theology and Critique of Humanism. Chang (1904-1996) was once an ardent believer in China’s “Three Teachings” – Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, especially Zen Buddhism. Converted to Christ at the age of fifty after a distinguished career in the academy and in the government, he re-examined his former convictions in the light of the Scriptures and then wrote extensively to show how the Bible offers what other religions could not.

Reaching Chinese Worldwide: The Book

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 13, 2013
A few years ago, I began writing monthly letters based on the theme of reaching Chinese around the world with the gospel of Christ. These have been expanded into a book, Reaching Chinese Worldwide.

Taking Christianity to China: Alabama Missionaries in the Middle Kingdom, 1850-1950

Review by Martha Stockment July 13, 2013
This volume is a collective biography of forty seven Alabama missionaries who served in China between 1850 and 1950.

China’s Book of Martyrs: The Church in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle May 17, 2013
Contrary to repeated, and increasingly shrill, claims of widespread, systematic, and violent persecution of Christians in China today, almost all Chinese Christians meet together without harm. There are severe legal restrictions on religious activity, of course, though these are often not enforced.

Handbook of Christianity in China, Vol. II: Continued

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle May 2, 2013
The contents of this magisterial volume deserve careful reading by everyone interested in Chinese Christianity. We cannot understand the residual resistance to Christianity among educated Chinese without a knowledge of the material covered in this section on the late Qing scene.

Handbook of Christianity in China, Vol. II

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 4, 2013
This superb volume, edited and written by some of the world’s leading scholars, should be read carefully by every serious student of Christianity in China. The book is divided into three parts, dealing respectively with late Qing China, Republican China, and the People’s Republic, Hongkong, Macao, Taiwan. This review will deal with Part One only.

A Protestant Church in Communist China: Moore Memorial Church Shanghai, 1949-1989

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 29, 2013
This fine historical study traces the vicissitudes of a major Protestant church in Shanghai, from its beginnings in 1887 almost to the present, with a focus on its experiences during the first forty years of the communist era. Though ostensibly limited to a single congregation, the book ranges widely, and manages to place this one institution within the broader arena of Christianity in China in the past one hundred twenty years.

Respect for Chinese Culture: The Example of Hudson Taylor, Part Two

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle November 6, 2012
Hudson Taylor loved the Chinese people and did all he could to identify with them; he possessed the greatest possible admiration for their long and illustrious civilization; and he required all his missionaries to learn as much as they could about Chinese culture and religion.

Respecting Chinese Culture: The Example of Hudson Taylor, Part One

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 30, 2012
What was Hudson Taylor’s attitude towards Chinese culture? In the words of our conference theme, how did he change and adapt himself as he sought to serve Christ among the Chinese?

New Initiatives in Religion Circles

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin October 2, 2012
The official Chinese media in late September reported several new initiatives to be promoted within the TSPM-CCC circles: a “charities” week and a five-year “theological exchange” campaign. As with other such formal pronouncements, "tea leaf reading" is always a fun challenge.

Salt and Light: Vol. III – More Lives that Shaped Modern China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 12, 2012
With the publication of this final volume in the highly-acclaimed Salt and Light series, stories of nine outstanding Chinese provide yet more evidence that Christian ideas and ideals played a vital role in the formation of modern China.

Review of God is Red

Review by Cole Carnesecca June 24, 2012
In God is Red, Liao Yiwu brings his reporter’s eye to the vibrant and multifaceted world of Christian life and faith in China.

Constructing China’s Jerusalem: Christians, Power, and Place in Contemporary Wenzhou

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle June 12, 2012
Anthropologist Nanlai Cao has painted a detailed portrait of an enormously significant phenomenon – the rise of “boss Christianity” in the port city of Wenzhou. With their national and global reach, Wenzhou Christians may be building a type of Christianity with immense consequences for Chinese Christianity everywhere.

After Imperialism: Christian Identity in China and the Global Evangelical Movement

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 24, 2012
Arising from a conference held in Hong Kong in 2008 with the theme, “Beyond Our Past: Bible, Cultural Identity, and the Global Evangelical Movement,” the book contains a dozen chapters from as many contributors. Half the authors are Caucasian, and the rest are Chinese, giving the collection a good balance of ethnic perspectives.

Christianity in China: Some Recent Books

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 10, 2012
The following is a list of some of the scholarly books related Christianity in China that have appeared in the last fifteen years. Many more could have been included.

A New History of Christianity in China (conclusion)

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 19, 2012
We conclude our review of Daniel Bays, A New History of Chinese Christianity with a survey of the last four chapters.

A New History of Christianity in China (2)

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 22, 2012
The author divides the history of Christianity in China into eight periods, devoting a chapter to each, with an appendix on the Russian Orthodox Church and Ecclesiastical Mission in China. A few highlights:

A New History of Christianity in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 9, 2012
Daniel Bays has given us the results of decades of study in a volume that is remarkably comprehensive, concise, and compelling...The book provides both a broad sweep of the history of Chinese Christianity and sufficient detail to make the story interesting.

Chinese Christian Unity, Indigenization, and the Role(s) of the Missionary

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 24, 2012
This issue of the International Bulletin of Missionary Research holds particular value for all those who seek to understand the church in China today. No fewer than six major articles, including the lead editorial, deal with the history of Christianity in China, with pointed references to the situation today.

Christian Mission: How Christianity Became a World Religion (2)

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 5, 2012
In part II of her book, Dr. Robert re-visits the history of missions by focusing on three themes: 1. The Politics of Missions; 2. Women in World Mission 3. Conversion and Christian community

Christian Mission: How Christianity Became a World Religion (1)

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle December 6, 2011
Students of Chinese Christianity need this book for at least two reasons: First, to counter the common misconception that Christianity is a Western religion that has been imposed on China by foreign imperialists. Second, to help us see that the...

China's Christian Martyrs and Ourselves

Review by Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin November 16, 2011
With some trepidation, I opened the cover and began reading chapter one of Safely Home. My red pen in hand and notebook at my side, I was ready to mark down any egregious errors in depicting the life of fellow...

Christianity and Chinese Culture (3): Contemporary Context

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle November 1, 2011
The second section of this fine volume deals with Christianity in the context of modern Chinese society. “Comprehensive Theology: An Attempt to Combine Christianity with Chinese culture,” by Zhuo Xinping, emphasizes the priority of “seeking similarity” as the “precondition and...

Christianity and Chinese Culture (2): Chinese Religions

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 3, 2011
These excellent chapters point out the necessity of all those who are interested in Chinese Christianity to take the relationships between it and other faiths very seriously. Obviously, the traffic has gone both ways, as Christians have, both intentionally and unconsciously, absorbed ideas and practices from outside the Bible.

Book Review: Christianity and Chinese Culture: Confucianism

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 13, 2011
This important volume contains so many insightful chapters, with such immediate relevance to all who seek a better understanding of a vital topic, that it deserves extended treatment. The book is divided into two parts; in this review, I shall limit consideration to the first, “Christianity in Relation to the Chinese Religious Tradition,” especially those parts which compare and contrast Confucianism and Christianity.

Major new resource on Chinese Christianity

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 26, 2011
The Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity now includes a major new resource for the study of Christianity in China: A “Directory of Christian Organizations” includes the abbreviation, full name in English, name in Chinese, and date established/started work in China for more than two hundred Christian organizations.

Article Review: Pan Chiu LAI, “Sino-Christian Theology as a Comprehensive Way of Christian Studies.”

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 17, 2011
This helpful article appeared in the Spring, 2011, issue of the Institute of Sino–Christian Studies News. Very concisely, Professor Lai brings us up to date on the rapidly-changing status of Sino-Christian theology.

Book Review: Inside China’s House Church Network: The Word of Life Movement and Its Renewing Dynamic

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 29, 2011
Let me say from the outset that this book possesses unusual worth for all students of Chinese Christianity. Not only does it analyze a very important sector of the Chinese church, but also presents a model which, with some variations, is both inspiring and challenging.

Does This Help Explain the Recent Crackdown?

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 2, 2011
The publication of this translation may help us understand at least one of the factors involved in the recent government crackdown on large house churches in some parts of China, including its response to the decision of Shouwang Church leaders to try to hold Sunday worship meetings outside.

Book Review: Getting Saved in America: Taiwanese Immigration and Religious Experience

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle May 12, 2011
Getting Saved in America “tells a story of how people become religious by becoming American.” The author focuses almost entirely upon immigrants from Taiwan in the 1980s and 1990s, which is when many of the Chinese churches in the United States began as Bible study groups initiated by these highly-educated newcomers. Anyone working with, or wanting to understand, Chinese churches in America today should read her carefully-wrought study, for it explains much.

How Many Christians are there in China?

By Erica Mitchell April 1, 2011
In the October 2010 newsletter of Asia Harvest, Paul and Joy Hattaway published a statistical summary of how many Christians live in each province of China. They spent ten years collecting information about believers from published sources, contacts within house church networks, and from other missionaries.

Confucius: Cultural Sage, Philosopher, and Religious Figure

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 24, 2011
This important article both explains the growing significance of Confucius for today’s China and more than hints at a possibly abrasive confrontation with the rapidly-expanding Christian population.

Introducing Chinese Religions (3): Conclusion and Implications

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 10, 2011
We continue our review of Mario Poceski’s Introducing Chinese Religions with his discussion of “Later transformations of Confucianism.”

Introducing Chinese Religions (2): Popular Religion

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle December 14, 2010
We continue our review of Mario Poceski’s excellent Introducing Chinese Religions, picking up the story at his chapter on popular religion. With the publication of Redeemed by Fire, by Li Xian, with its demonstration that much of house church Christianity in China draws upon, and reinforces, powerful themes and trends in Chinese popular religion, understanding this growing phenomenon is all the more imperative.

China's Christian Legacy Reborn

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin November 29, 2010
Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin, sharing stories of Chinese believers serving society as "salt and light" — both then (1910 ff.) and now, 100 years later — at the "Worldview for World Healing" conference sponsored by the Wilberforce Academy, St. Paul, Minnesota, October 2010.

Introducing Chinese Religions (1)

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle November 13, 2010
Anyone who wants to understand Chinese Christianity today must have some knowledge of its religious milieu. We need to familiarize ourselves with this religious landscape, lest we seriously misconstrue the recent rise, nature, and problems of Chinese Christians today.

Book Review: Chinese Christians in America

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 21, 2010
Clearly written, tightly organized, well-documented, this volume helps us understand the multiple roles played by the Chinese church in America in the lives of its members. Along the way, we learn a great deal about the aspirations, struggles, and profound transformation of Chinese who become committed evangelical Christians in their adopted land.

Disciples of All Nations: Pillars of World Christianity

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 9, 2010
This first volume in the Oxford Studies in World Christianity, also edited by Professor Sanneh, has set the highest possible standard. A full survey being impossible, my review will only highlight a few major features of Sanneh’s overall thesis, with a focus on the insights they provide for students of Chinese Christianity.

Are Chinese Christians Being Persecuted? (2): Response to comments

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 18, 2010
As you might expect, the article on whether Protestant Chinese house church Christians are currently being actively persecuted generated a lot of comments. In the interest of fairness, balance, and accuracy, I shall list these below in complementary, usually contrasting, pairs, and with no evaluation.

Redeemed by Fire: The Rise of Popular Christianity in Modern China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 3, 2010
Redeemed by Fire is a major contribution to our understanding of popular Chinese Christianity... Both specialists and beginners will find this volume a rich resource and compelling account. Lian’s mastery of the sources, clear and convincing argument, and energetic style combine to create a book well worth careful reading.

Are Chinese Christians Being Persecuted?

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle May 18, 2010
The high-level talks on human rights between the United States and China this week provide a good occasion for us to re-consider the question: Are Chinese Christians still being persecuted?

Article Review of “Mission, Millennium, and Politics: A Continuation of the History of Salvation from the East”

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 2, 2010
From his position on the faculty of the Divinity School of Chung Chi College, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Tobias Brandner has access to nearly first-hand sources from which to construct a critical analysis of a key component of the “Back to Jerusalem [BTJ] Movement.”

Article Review of The Chinese Face of Jesus Christ

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 28, 2010
Because of the length and cost of these two scholarly volumes, making them inaccessible to all but a few, we are greatly indebted to this fine review by Joseph Lee. The first volume studies the perception of the Jesus by...

John Song: Bringing Peace Amidst Chaos

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 24, 2010
From this brief examination of the life and ministry of John Song, we see how he, along with many other Chinese Protestants in the same era, brought peace, calm, and even joy and hope, in a world wracked by chaos and suffering.

Opening China: Karl F. A. Gutzlaff and Sino-Western Relations, 1827-1852

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle November 1, 2009
Who said history wasn’t relevant? Though at first glance a biography of a largely-discredited independent German missionary who was born almost two centuries ago might seem to have little to do with our current situation, Jessie Lutz’ masterful narrative and analysis of the life and times of Karl Gutzlaff provokes the question, Has anything changed?

Witnesses to Power: Stories of God’s Quiet Work in a Changing China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 26, 2009
The stories in this volume come from one end of China to the other. They speak of rural and urban evangelism; healing and exorcism, compassionate care for needy children, community life of the Jesus family, church planting and growth in remote areas not penetrated by outside Christian witness, and the impact of the gospel to produce economic prosperity.

Laying the Foundation: A review of Robert Morrison and the Birth of Chinese Protestantism

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 3, 2009
As the first Protestant missionary to China, Robert Morrison laid a foundation for what would become the imposing edifice of today’s Chinese church. Morrison was quite conscious of his role, and worked deliberately to prepare for others, Chinese and Western,...

U.S.-China Relations and the Church

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin August 25, 2009
There has always been a close correlation between the state of U.S.-China governmental relations, and Chinese official attitudes toward Christianity and the treatment of the Chinese church. A brief historical review illustrates this.

Christians in China: A.D. 600 to 2000

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 6, 2009
This is a marvelous book, and represents the learned Sinology of a long line of French Roman Catholic scholars, going back for hundreds of years. Though he devotes most of his attention to the story of Roman Catholicism, the author does give fair and generous summaries of important aspects of Protestantism in China.

Between Two Worlds: J. Hudson Taylor and the Clash between British and Chinese Customs, Cultures, and Laws

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle July 20, 2009
Hudson Taylor believed not only in the theological truth of Christ's incarnation, but also in its missiological necessity and the numerous practical advantages which flowed from following the example of Christ.

Culture and Religion: How “Chinese” Is Protestantism in China?

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 14, 2009
That Protestantism has become a Chinese religion is demonstrated by its history; indigenous leadership; contextualized literature; rapid growth; geographical distribution; numerical strength; social impact; self-propagation; and official status. I shall expand on this statement briefly before talking about just how culturally “Chinese” this relatively new faith in China is.

Chinese Biblical Studies: Issues in understanding and interpretation

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 5, 2009
A colloquium on Chinese biblical studies sponsored by the Center for the Study of Christianity in China, King’s College, London, was held January 17th-21st. This symposium showcased some of the fine scholarship being done by Chinese around the world. One of the largest such gatherings in recent decades, it both marked the progress of biblical studies by Chinese and advanced the conversation in a number of key areas

Confronting Confucian Understandings of the Christian Doctrine of Salvation

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 4, 2009
Confronting Confucian Understandings of the Christian Doctrine of Salvation will now be required reading for anyone seeking to understand why Chinese intellectuals have accepted, rejected, or modified the Christian message since the time of Matteo Ricci. Paulos Huang has given us a fine, clearly-organized study with a great deal of thought-provoking findings and suggestions.

The Chinese Puzzle: Putting the pieces together for a deeper understanding of China and her Church

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle December 13, 2008
Though certain to stir up controversy, this book contains a message which should be pondered by Western, especially American, Christians with a burden for China. Falkenstine seeks to “clarify perceptions of China and her church,” so that Western Christians may understand the current situation and serve more effectively.

Christianity Fever

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin and Jan Stacey Bieler October 8, 2008
Through a century of political turmoil and disillusionment, waves of Chinese intellectuals have come to Christ.

Reading Christian Scriptures in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 4, 2008
Since the Bible serves as the main source of Christian doctrine, the nature of its reception, interpretation and influence must be understood in order for us to comprehend the varying streams of Chinese Christian faith and practice and the different responses to Christianity among non-Christians.

Is Christianity a "Chinese" Religion?

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle June 19, 2008
“No” – The traditional view The answer to this question would seem to be obvious, at least to some. Almost all books on Chinese religion discuss Daoism (Taoism), Buddhism, Chinese popular religions, Islam and – as a belief system that...

China's Protestants: a Mustard Seed for Moral Renewal?

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin June 3, 2008
The number of religious believers in China continues to grow almost exponentially, far outpacing population growth.(1) Meanwhile, vague and unchanging official estimates, which since 1994 have reported “over 100 million faithful” in the country, reflect the government’s tendency to mask...

Christianity in China 1900-1950: The History that Shaped the Present

By Daniel H. Bays April 22, 2008
Today’s Chinese Christians have roots that go back over 200 years for Protestants and 400 years for Catholics. In my view a grasp of the essentials of that history, at least for the 20th century, is crucial for us to understand the Chinese church under Communist rule.

Greater China's Great Transformation

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin March 19, 2008
Let me start by explaining the choice of terms used in my title: “Greater China” refers to the Chinese diaspora of traders, emigrants and political exiles from the coastal provinces – including many Christians --who played a very important role...

Chinese Christians and the Government

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 6, 2007
The purpose of this brief paper is to explain the existence of the Three Self-Patriotic Movement/China Christian Council and the resistance of the government to unregistered house churches.

China’s Millions: The China Inland Mission and late Qing Society, 1832-1905

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle June 6, 2007
China’s Millions contains much information that could be used for a concise, objective, and accurate history of the CIM under the leadership of Hudson Taylor. Alas, that book remains to be written.

A History of Christianity in Asia. Volume I: Beginnings to 1500

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle April 5, 2007
Like the previous review of Volume II, this one will focus on the sections dealing with Christianity in China. At the outset, we should note Moffett’s the fluent, almost racy, style that makes the book hard to put down, even...

Faith of Our Fathers: God in Ancient China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle March 20, 2007
This well-written, beautifully-produced volume represents many years of painstaking study, a firm conviction that the Bible is God’s special revelation, and a profound love for the best in Chinese civilization. As a result, it possesses many strengths and will be...

Christian Identity and Chinese Nationalism: The Impact of the May Thirtieth Incident on China’s Christian Colleges

By John Barwick March 2, 2007
The establishment of Christian colleges in China by Protestant missionaries was one of the most significant aspects of the Sino-Western cultural engagement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. These schools were first started as a way of training...

More Than Martyrs

Review by Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin February 1, 2007
While doing justice to those who still suffer for their faith, Americans need to ensure that our activism supports, rather than hinders, China’s next generation as they seek to add to their hard-won freedoms.

Cultural Factors Affecting Chinese Church Leaders

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 7, 2006
By common consent, development of leaders is the most urgent need for the Chinese church. With explosive growth over the past few decades, there are not enough shepherds for the flock.

A History of Christianity in Asia: Volume II 1500-1900

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 6, 2006
Only the sections on the growth Christianity among the Chinese will be discussed. Samuel Moffett has presented us with a work that is comprehensive, yet concise; lucid, yet lively; balanced and yet not totally without an occasional, but mostly-controlled, bias;...

Jesus Never Left China: The Rest of the Story

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 6, 2006
Burklin's book possesses much value as a description of legal Christian activity in China, and as a general overview of some aspects of Chinese Christian history.

God and Caesar in China: Policy Implications of Church-State Tensions

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle September 19, 2006
Though its title, and especially the sub-title, would lead you to think that God and Caesar in China deals mostly with church-state tensions, this tightly-edited book really represents one of the best overviews of Christianity in modern China.

True Son of Heaven: How Jesus fulfills the Chinese Culture

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle August 13, 2006
Marshall’s thesis is that “God’s fingerprints are all over Chinese culture. He has, you might even say, prepared China for the news of Jesus Christ.” Thus, Jesus does not “come as a stranger to the Chinese people” but, in the word’s of the book’s subtitle, “fulfills the Chinese culture.”

The Chinese Church in Context: Crisis and Opportunity

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle June 28, 2006
In the vast hinterland where 800 million peasants dwell, isolated, tiny meetings in humble homes have multiplied into mighty networks with thousands of churches and millions of members governed by widely-networked leaders.

The Shaping of Modern China: Hudson Taylor’s Life and Legacy

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle June 28, 2006
Broomhall chronicles the life of Taylor and the growth of the China Inland Mission in meticulous detail, drawing upon archives and previously-unused letters, as well as standard histories.

The Legacy of Chinese Christianity and China's Identity Crisis

By Dr. Carol Lee Hamrin March 10, 2006
I would like to begin with a review of the history of God’s interaction with the Chinese people, including the centuries-long efforts to bring the Gospel to China since most Americans, even most Chinese people, are very unaware of the long legacy of Christianity in China.

Acquainted with Grief: Wang Mingdao’s Stand for the Persecuted Church in China

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 19, 2006
Thomas Harvey traces the conflict of Wang Mingdao and K.H. Ting, and the movements they represent, from the first days of the communist victory in 1949 to the beginning of the 21st century.

A Stone Made Smooth

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 19, 2006
This autobiographical account of the great Chinese pastor, Wong Ming-Dao, follows the first forty or so years of his life. The book demonstrates the deep and life-changing effects of Christianity on this man, as well as his distinctive Chineseness. Wong tells the story of his ministry, beginning in his early twenties and ending the account right before World War II.

China and Christianity: Burdened Past, Hopeful Future

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle January 31, 2006
This substantial volume includes eighteen papers from a conference on its title theme held in San Francisco under the sponsorship of the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History and the Center for the Pacific Rim of the University of San Francisco in 1999.

Gender Imbalance in the Chinese Church: Causes, Consequences, and Possible Cures

By Dr. G. Wright Doyle October 19, 2005
Almost all observers agree that there is a serious gender imbalance in the Chinese church. David Aikman, in Jesus In Beijing, states that the average ratio is 60-80% women in churches on the Mainland. In Taiwan and elsewhere, the ratio may be less extreme, but there are usually many more women than men attending church on any Sunday morning. The proportion of women serving in the church may be even greater.

Soul Searching: Chinese Intellectuals on Faith and Society

Review by  September 6, 2005
Soul Searching, a collection of essays written by Chinese Christian intellectuals, gives a fascinating glimpse inside the Chinese mind and heart. Issues like democracy, culture, and the arts are examined with honesty and clarity.

The Cross: Jesus in China

Review by  August 25, 2005
The Cross: Jesus in China is a 4-DVD set of documentaries exploring the church in China. Each disc examines a slightly different aspect of the church, covering personal testimonies of conversion, the ministries of several of the leaders of the Chinese house churches, the lives of laymen in the churches, and a collection of hymns that are widely used in the churches of China.

Christianity in China: From the Eighteenth Century to the Present

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle May 19, 2003
The twenty chapters in this collection of essays fall into four sections, entitled: “Christianity and the Dynamics of Qing Society”; “Christianity and Ethnicity”; “Christianity and Chinese Women”; and “The Rise of an Indigenous Chinese Christianity.”

Jesus in Beijing: How Christianity is transforming China and Changing the Global Balance of Power

Review by Dr. G. Wright Doyle February 19, 2003
David Aikman has given us perhaps the most controversial introduction to the explosive increase and growing influence of Christianity in China. According to Aikman, we are talking not just about an incredible increase in the number of Chinese Christians in the past fifty years (from one or two million to more than 70 million), but what might become a fundamental shift in world power alignments.